Sheerpower Logo J.1  Exception Handling
Exception handling routines intercept runtime exceptions and execute a block of code which handles them. If there is no exception handler, SheerPower returns an exception message specifying what the exception was and where it occurred. Sheerpower stops program execution or tries the offending statement again. There is a lot to it. Details are here.

There are two types of exception handlers: ATTACHED handlers and DETACHED handlers. Attached handlers are the most commonly used handlers. They are similar to the try/catch blocks that other languages provide.

For an ATTACHED handler, a WHEN EXCEPTION IN statement is used. WHEN EXCEPTION IN expects the USE block right after the block of code it protects.

For a DETACHED handler, the statement WHEN EXCEPTION USE is used. When an exception occurs in the protected block, WHEN EXCEPTION USE calls a handler routine located in some other part of the program. The same handler routine can be used by any number of WHEN EXCEPTION USE statements and can be placed anywhere in a program.

The following functions are related to exception handling:
  • _ERROR
  • EXTYPE -- the exception type number
  • EXLABEL$ -- the location in the code when the exception occurred
  • EXTEXT$ -- a user friendly descrption of the exception
  • SYSTEXT$ -- the underlying operating system's description of the exception (if any)
And the following statements are related to exception handling:
  • CONTINUE -- continue execution with the statement that follows the statement that caused the exceptiom
  • RETRY -- retry the statement that caused the exception
  • RESUME labelname -- resume execution at the labeled routine specified
  • CAUSE -- given an exception type number, cause an exception

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